Major League Baseball equaled its highest grade ever on the issue of racial hiring practices in The 2013 MLB Racial and Gender Report Card (MLB RGRC) with a solid A while improving gender hiring practices but still maintaining its C+ from 2012 and raising its combined 2013 grade to a B+. There were percentage increases in all three grades.
MLB reached a score of 92.5 for racial hiring practices (up from 90.6 in 2012) to equal its best grade in this category which was achieved in the 2010 MLB RGRC. MLB improved its gender hiring practices with 76.6 points from 75.2 in 2012. Finally, MLB achieved a combined grade of a B+ with 84.6 points, up significantly from the 2012 RGRC when it accumulated 82.9 points and received a combined grade of a B.
The Racial and Gender Report Card annually asks, “Are we playing fair when it comes to sports? Does everyone, regardless of race or gender, have a chance to play or to operate a team?”
Dr. Richard Lapchick, the primary author of the study and the director of The Institute for Diversity and Ethics in Sport (TIDES or the Institute) at the University of Central Florida (UCF) said, “As he nears retirement, one of the legacies of Commissioner Bud Selig is that he recognized the need for diversity in baseball long ago. MLB continues to make real progress in the areas of inclusion and diversity. He placed the responsibility under Wendy Lewis, Sr. Vice President for Diversity and Strategic Alliances, and she has helped the Commissioner deliver on his promise.”
Lapchick noted that, “The release of the movie “42” about the life of Jackie Robinson helped increase focus as the 2013 MLB season began. Jackie Robinson wanted to see a diverse mixture of people participating in the sport through all levels: on the field as coaches and players, as well as those in the front office. As has been the case for several years, the percentage of African-American baseball players in MLB remained low at a distressing 8.3 percent. At the League Office, there were very good grades for hiring people of color (A+) and women (B+/A-) although the percentages for both declined slightly for the third consecutive year. However, at the team level, which has historically been far behind the League Office, all grades for race and gender improved slightly except for women in team professional positions. The front office of the teams should continue to make an effort to create a work force that mirrors America.”
Lapchick continued, “Although the total percentage of players of color has steadily risen over the years, there has been a concern in Major League Baseball about the relatively small and declining percentage of African-American players. The concern is shared by leaders in the African-American community. MLB’s appointment of a task force to address this is a step in the right direction.”
However, the more than 38 percent of players who are people of color also make the playing fields look more like America, with its large Latino population. Latino players saw a slight increase from 27.5 percent in 2012 to 28.2 percent of all baseball players for the 2013 season.
There was an increase in the percentage of people of color as coaches, general managers, team vice presidents, team senior administrators, and team professional administrators while there was a decrease in the percentage of people of color in the League Office. All changes were small.
There was an increase in the percentage of women as team vice-presidents and team senior administrators while there was a slight decrease for women in the League Office and as team professional administrators. Lapchick added that, “Overall, the Commissioner and his team in the League office have had a very positive impact on the diversity record for Major League Baseball. MLB continues to have an outstanding record for diversity initiatives, which include the seventh annual Civil Rights Game, Jackie Robinson Day, Roberto Clemente Day and the 2013 MLB Diversity Business Summit, to be held in Houston, TX.”
Using data from the 2012 season, The Institute for Diversity and Ethics in Sport conducted an analysis of the racial breakdown of the MLB players, managers and coaches. In addition, this MLB Report Card includes a racial and gender breakdown of the owners, management in the MLB Central Office as well as the team level, top team management, team senior administration, team professional administration, physicians, and head trainers. An overview of player positions is also included. Listings of professional owners, general managers, and managers were updated as of April 1, 2013. The MLB player demographics for the 2013 Opening Day rosters are also included.
It is imperative that sport teams play the best athletes they have available to win games. The Institute strives to emphasize the business value of diversity to sports organizations when they choose their team on the field and in the office. Diversity initiatives, like diversity and inclusion management training, can help change attitudes and increase the applicant pool for open positions. It is obviously the choice of the organization regarding which applicant is the best fit for their ball club, but the Institute wants to illustrate how important it is to have a diverse organization involving individuals who happen to be of a different race or gender because it can provide a different perspective, and possibly a competitive advantage for a win in the board room as well as on the field.
The Institute for Diversity and Ethics in Sport at the University of Central Florida publishes the Racial and Gender Report Card to indicate areas of improvement, stagnation and regression in the racial and gender composition of professional and collegiate sports personnel and to contribute to the improvement of integration in front office and college athletics department positions.
25-Man Major League rosters
- 2013 Opening Day, 25-Man Major League rosters who identified themselves as African-American or black was approximately 8.3 percent, which is in a consistent range with the past few years. The first round of the 2012 First-Year Player Draft featured the selections of seven African-American players, the most by total and percentage (7-of-31, 22.6 percent) since 1992.
- The percentage of Latino players increased from 27.5 percent in 2012 to 28.2 percent on 2013 opening day rosters.
- The percentage of Asians increased from 1.9 percent in 2012 to 2.1 percent in 2013.
- The debate on why African-Americans seem to be abandoning baseball continues to be a concern for MLB, which has significant Urban Youth initiatives to address this such as:
o Reviving Baseball in Inner Cities (RBI)
o MLB’s Urban Youth Academy
o Commissioner’s On-Field Diversity Task Force
• Commissioner Selig established the creation of an On-Field Diversity Task Force to address the talent pipeline that impacts the representation and development of diverse players and on-field personnel in Major League Baseball, particularly African-Americans. The wide-ranging group, which includes representatives from Club ownership, Club front offices, MLB's Central Office, Minor League Baseball, former players, the Major League Baseball Players Association, the MLB Scouting Bureau, and collegiate baseball, will focus on the myriad of issues influencing on-field diversity at all levels of baseball.
- The percentage of international players in MLB on 2013 Opening Day 25-man rosters and inactive lists who were born outside the 50 United States spans approximately 15 countries and territories. This year’s 241 foreign-born players represents a percentage of 28.2, which marks the fourth highest of all-time.
- The 28.2 percent trails only 2005, when 29.2 percent (242/829) of Opening Day players were born outside the U.S.; 2007, when 29.0 percent (246 players) were foreign-born; and last season, when 28.4 percent were born outside the U.S.
*Note:*The 241 players born outside the U.S. come from the pool of 856 players (750 active 25-man roster players and 106 disabled or restricted Major League players) on March 31st rosters and represent 15 countries and territories outside the U.S.
MLB Central Office
- According to Major League Baseball, of the 435 front-office employees, 9.7 percent are African-American, 14.7 percent are Latino, 3.4 percent are Asian, and 3.0 percent are classified as American Indian and Two or More Races. Women make up 35.6 percent of the total workforce, while people of color make up 30.8 percent.
- At the senior executive level, 20 percent of the 60 employees were people of color, while women occupied 2.7 percent of the positions. At the director and managerial level, 26.7 percent of the 120 employees were people of color, while women occupied 30 percent of the posts.
- Women make up 35.6 percent of the total workforce a decrease of two percent, while people of color make up 30.8 percent a decrease of 0.9 percent.
- For the second straight year, there are two different teams owned by persons of color. Arturo Moreno maintains his position as the majority owner of the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim. The Los Angeles Dodgers are now owned by an ownership group that includes Earvin “Magic” Johnson as a minority owner. Magic Johnson is the first African-American minority or majority owner of an MLB franchise.
- Owners of MLB franchises who are female include individuals with the New York Yankees, Washington Nationals and the Chicago Cubs. Jessica, Joan, and Jennifer Steinbrenner all serve as Vice Chairperson’s with the New York Yankees. The Washington Nationals have four female Principal Owners who include Annette Lerner, Judy Lerner, Debra Lerner Cohen and Marla Tanenbaum and the Chicago Cubs have Laura Ricketts as a co-owner.
- In 2013 there were four people of color serving as general managers in MLB including three Latinos and one African-American. There were only three at the start of the 2012 season. The largest number of GMs of color was five in 2009 and 2010.
- For the 2012 season, people of color held 39.1 percent of the coaching positions for all MLB teams. This number is 7.9 percentage points higher than the 2011 numbers, bringing the total people of color to an all-time high since it was first recorded in 1993.
- MLB has one woman in the Coaching category. Allison N. Salter, Strength and Conditioning Coach (New York Mets).
Team Vice Presidents
- In both the 2011 and 2012 MLB seasons, 24 MLB franchises had at least one woman serving in a vice president role. The San Francisco Giants led the league with seven females in vice president positions. The Houston Astros and Boston Red Sox had five female vice presidents, the Texas Rangers, New York Yankees and the Washington Nationals had four females, three different teams had three females, and the remaining of the franchises either had one or two females in vice president roles.
- The 2012 MLB season saw an increase in people of color serving in vice president roles. African-Americans comprised six percent (5.7 percent in 2011) of the vice president positions, while Latinos were 5.7 percent (4.8 percent in 2011), Asians decreased to 1.2 percent (1.8 percent in 2011) and Native America represented 0.9 percent (the Native American category was first established in 2012).
Team Senior Administration
- For the 2012 season, team senior administrators of color held 19.9 percent of the positions.
- Women held 26.9 percent of team senior administration positions in 2012.
Team Professional Administration
- In 2012, 21.9 percent of professional positions were held by people of color. African-American held 6.9 percent, 10 percent were Latino, four percent were Asian and people categorized as American Indian, Native Hawaiian and Two or More Races were one percent collectively.
- Women held 26.3 percent of Team Professional Administration in 2012.
- For the first time since the RGRC was published we are reporting the first woman Head Trainer. Susan Falsone is the Head Trainer for the Los Angeles Dodgers
MLB Diversity Business Summit MLB along with MLB's Major and Minor League Clubs and strategic partners, launched the inaugural MLB Diversity Business Summit at the Hyatt McCormick last summer (July 24, 2012). This strategically groundbreaking event provided a unique opportunity for career networking and entrepreneurs to connect with MLB industry representatives as well as foster relationships. The MLB Diversity Business Summit not only captures MLB's advocacy in regards to supplier and workforce diversity, but also presents discussions that are educational, entertaining and celebratory. This year’s summit will be in Houston, TX June 18-19, 2013. For more information please visitwww.mlb.com/diversitysummit .
Diversity Economic Impact Engagement Initiative (DEIE) is one of MLB’s newest initiatives to advance the level of MLB’s current workforce and supplier diversity efforts as well as create methodologies for cultural assessments, diversity economic platforms and industry-wide diversity training. This internal consultant model approach will be developed throughout the industry’s Central Office, member Clubs, MLB Advanced Media, MLB Network and eventually the Minor Leagues.
Major League Baseball's Diverse Business Partner's Program is the leading supplier diversity program in sports. This major league procurement initiative has produced significant economic opportunity for baseball's Commissioner's office, its franchises and local communities. The strategic implementation of MLB's Diverse Business Partners Program has resulted in well over $800 million being spent with thousands of minority and women-owned businesses. This award-winning program has continued to enrich baseball's business case for diversity by establishing a procurement environment that economically benefits the league as well as its minority and majority business partners. The DBP program has been awarded the recognition of being listed with "America's Top 50 Organizations for Multicultural Business Opportunities" for several years running.
The “Civil Rights Game” The 2013 Civil Rights Game will go to back to Chicago with an extended slate of exciting events culminating with the exciting on-field matchup between the Chicago White Sox and Texas Rangers on Saturday, August 24, 2013.
The Civil Rights Game is an annual Major League Baseball game (starting in 2007) that honors the history of civil rights in the United States and marked the unofficial end to the league's Spring Training. Starting in 2009, the game became a regular season game.
The first two games were held at AutoZone Park in Memphis, Tennessee. The intent of the game was to "embrace baseball's history of African-American players," as well as to generate interest for future black players.
In conjunction with the Civil Rights Game, Major League Baseball honors three pioneers of civil rights with the Beacon Awards (Beacon of Life Award, Beacon of Change Award and Beacon of Hope Award).
Commissioner’s On-Field Diversity Task Force
On April 10, 2013 Baseball Commissioner Allan H. (Bud) Selig launched the creation of an On-Field Diversity Task Force to address the talent pipeline that impacts the representation and development of diverse players and on-field personnel in Major League Baseball, particularly African-Americans. The wide-ranging group, which includes representatives from Club ownership, Club front offices, MLB's Central Office, Minor League Baseball, former players, the Major League Baseball Players Association, the MLB Scouting Bureau, and collegiate baseball, will focus on the myriad of issues influencing on-field diversity at all levels of baseball.
"As a social institution, Major League Baseball has an enormous social responsibility to provide equal opportunities for all people, both on and off the field," said Baseball Commissioner Bud Selig. "I am proud of the work we have done thus far with the RBI program and the MLB Urban Youth Academies, but there is more that we must accomplish. We have seen a number of successful efforts with existing MLB task forces, and I believe we have selected the right people to effectively address the many factors associated with diversity in baseball."
Task Force Mission: To measurably increase the domestic ethnic diversity of MLB players and on-field personnel to improve our franchise and social value, and continue to enrich the enormous legacy of our game.